1.The name Singapore
The name “Singapore” was derived from the Sanskrit term Simha or Singha, which means “Lion.” The lion is also the national animal of Singapore. Singapore is the English word for “Singapura,” which means Lion City. It was named like that because Sang Nila Utama, a king from Sumatera, saw a lion when he visited the island hundreds of years ago
2.The Singapore flag meaning
The Singapore flag meaning Red symbolizes universal brotherhood and equality of man while white signifies purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the rise and the five stars signify the ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality.
3.Gardens by the Bay
“Gardens by the Bay” is a park in Singapore spreading across 250 acres of land. It has three waterfront gardens: Bay East Garden, Bay South Garden, and Bay Central Garden. The whole park is known for its beautiful design and architecture. This park consists of 18 supertrees that act as vertical gardens and also generates solar power. They work as air venting ducts for nearby conservatories. Singapore has the world’s tallest indoor waterfall, which is a towering 35 meters high! It’s in Gardens by the Bay, which is an indoor garden housing over 500,000 plants from across the world.
Singapore-Flyer is the second-largest wheel in the world. The glass-cabins of this wheel is air-conditioned & UV protected, It moves so slowly (0.24m per second, or 0.76km/h.) that even identifying whether the wheel is rotating or standing still is difficult Singapore Flyer measures 165 meters in height – about the height of a 42-story building. To amuse your child, describe the height as “31 male giraffes stacked on top of one another”. The average height of a giraffe is 5.3 meters. Each capsule is 4 meters x 7 meters – about the size of a city bus. There are 28 capsules. Each capsule can carry up to 28 passengers. total capacity per revolution is 784 passengers. Initially, the wheel turned in a counterclockwise direction, if viewed from Marina Centre, but its direction was reversed on the 4th of August 2008 upon advice from a Feng-Shui expert. The view from Singapore Flyer opens up a magnificent panorama of the city and the Singapore Bay from a bird’s eye view. You may even catch a glimpse of the coasts of Malaysia and Indonesia!
Changi Airport, in Singapore, is the 15th busiest airport in the world. It serves more than 51 million passengers a year. The airport is very big with superb construction. In fact, it is ranked as the best airport in the world. Changi Airport has a butterfly garden, it features flowering plants, a six-meter waterfall and 1,000 butterflies from 40 species. a rooftop swimming pool and jacuzzi from which you can watch planes taking off, a collection of rare orchids, 500 bright yellow sunflowers, decorative mosaic sculptures, and the Entertainment Deck, home to Xbox 360s and a free 24-hour cinema, All travelers enjoy free Wi-Fi since 2002 and free city tours if they are waiting for a connecting flight.
6. Singapore is an island country
Singapore is an island country with 63 small islands of which only one is inhabited by a majority of the population the rest remains mostly uninhabited. These include Sentosa (the largest of the 62 offshore islands), Pulau Ubin, St John’s Island, and Sisters’ Islands.
7. Singapore is one of the smallest countries
Singapore is one of the twenty smallest countries in the world, the total land area is only about 425 square miles. Its area is roughly 276 square miles. Singapore's territory features both the mainland and other islands. The mainland's measurements are roughly 17 miles from north to south and 31 miles from east to west, with 120 miles of coastline. The Straits of Johor separate the state from Malaysia while the Singapore Strait separates it from Indonesia. The largest of Singapore's outlying islands are Sentosa, Jurong Island, Pulau Ubin, and Pulau Tekong. Singapore has been able to expand its territory by reclaiming land using earth acquired from the seabed, its hills, and neighboring nations. The United States is about 15,000 times bigger compared to the total land area of Singapore.
8.Singapore National Day
The National Day of Singapore is celebrated on 9th August every year, to cheer Singapore’s independence from Malaysia in the year 1965. The inaugural National Day Parade (NDP) was held at the Padang in 1966 to commemorate where Singapore declared its independence. The average Parade & Ceremony involves over 2,000 people who have gone through 200 hours of training before the grand day. The parade was held in the morning till 1973 when it became an early evening event to attract more attention from the public. It proved to be such a huge success, that the parade has continued to start at 5.30 pm to this day.
9.World’s first-night safari zoo
The world’s first-night safari zoo was opened in Singapore on 3 May 1994. This Night Safari took almost seven years to complete at the cost of S$62.5 million. The night-time zoo was initially named the Asian Night Safari with a focus on Asian species but was later renamed the Night Safari. It is the Brain Child of Ong Swee Law (the zoo’s former chairman) he suggested creating an open space for nocturnal animals to go free-range. There are over 2,500 animals currently housed at the Night Safari, spanning more than 130 species, 37 percent of which are endangered. It’s completely separate from the Singapore Zoo.
10.Singapore – One of The Three Sovereign City-States in the World
Singapore is one of only three surviving city-states in the world because Singapore doesn’t have a capital. The other two are Monaco and Vatican City. A city-state is an independent or autonomous entity whose territory consists of a city which is not administered as a part of another local government. A city-state can also be defined as a central city and its surrounding villages, which together follow the same law, have one form of government, and share languages, religious beliefs, and ways of life.
11. Huge taxes to own a car
Singapore's government makes owning a vehicle extremely expensive through high taxes (a car is taxed at least 100 percent of its open market value, for instance) as well as requiring something called a certificate of entitlement. The price of obtaining a COE has risen considerably over the past few years. The cost of obtaining a permit to own a car can easily approach SGD 90k. This system means that only about 15 percent of Singaporeans own a car. It keeps the roads fairly clear for such a small island. It must be noted that the banks are not required to give the car buyer the maximum loan quantum even though the present regulations allows for the maximum of 70% and 60% based on the respective categories.
12. Chewing gum is banned
The Singapore chewing gum ban has been in place since 1992. Since 2004, an exception has existed for therapeutic, dental, or nicotine chewing gum, which can be bought from a doctor or registered pharmacist. It is currently not illegal to chew gum in Singapore, merely to import it and sell it, apart from the aforementioned exceptions. Tourists visiting Singapore are allowed to bring in up to two packs of chewing gum per person.
Singapore comes second in the list of the world’s most densely populated countries 6,430 people per square km., after Monaco. There are 5.3 million people living in Singapore. Only 3.2 million (about 60%) are citizens. Non-citizens contribute to 40% of the Singapore population. Today, the population is estimated to be 5.5 million. Immigration into the Island has played a critical role in realizing the current population figure. As the government’s recent campaigns to increase the fertility ratio from 1.20 to 2.1 have been futile, the government has been forced to amend its immigration policies to accommodate the increasing labor demands caused by the Island’s industrialization.
14. Singapore has the world's fastest walkers
According to research by the British Council, Singaporeans have the fastest walking speed. On average, we walk a distance of 18 meters in 10.55 seconds. That’s approximately 6.15km in an hour! The study showed pedestrians were upping their pace at an alarming rate as they scurried from place to place, determined to cram as much as possible into each day. Scientists say it is symptomatic of a modern life driven by email, text messages and a need to be available 24 hours a day.
15. LANGUAGES IN SINGAPORE