Alappuzha also is known as Alleppey is one of the destinations in Kerala, which any traveler will never miss, while his trip to this 'God's Own Country'. Alappuzha is a Land Mark between the broad Arabian sea and a network of rivers flowing into it. Alleppey, with its labyrinth, of canals, bridges along silver beach, makes for a memorable holiday. Built in the 9th century AD, Alappuzha lies on the edge of the great Ashtamudi Lake. With the Arabian Sea on the west and a vast labyrinth of lakes, lagoons and several freshwater rivers crisscrossing it, Alappuzha is a district of immense natural beauty. The never-ending panorama of lush green paddy fields, towering coconut trees, shimmering water and long canals around Alappuzha make a delightful setting for the town. Alappuzha is considered to be the oldest planned city in this region and the lighthouse built on the coast of the city is the first of its kind along the Laccadive Sea coast.
Alappuzha is situated 62 kilometers to the south of Kochi and 155 kilometers north of Trivandrum. A city with picturesque canals, backwaters, beaches, and lagoons, it was described as one of the places known as the "Venice of the East" by Lord Curzon. the boats are known as Kettuvallam for the transport of goods from Kodungallur to Trivandrum. When the road transport developed, this transport activity lost its relevance and the former boats were converted as traditional Houseboats. Surrounded by the blue-green waters of the Arabian Sea on the West and a vast network of lakes, freshwater rivers, and canals; the waterways are the lifeline of the people of Alleppey. Alappuzha is an important backwater destination attracting several thousand tourists every year. Cruise along the palm-fringed waterways of Kerala in a luxury houseboat is the most enchanting holiday experience in India today. In this world of simple pleasures, you'll skim past ancient Chinese fishing nets, water lilies, lush paddy fields, coir villages, rustic homes, temples, and coconut groves.
Alleppey is also known for its spectacular snake - boat races held on the second Saturday of August, every year. This competition - the Nehru boat race takes its name from India's first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who inaugurated in 1952. It is excitement all around as snake - boats, each manned by over a hundred oarsmen, cut through the waters like wind. The event is a tremendous success with tourists and the local population alike. A singular characteristic of this land is the region called Kuttanad. The land of lush paddy fields, Kuttanad is called the rice bowl of Kerala and is one of the few places in the world where farming is done below sea level.
Alleppey backwaters are selected as one among the 10 must-see honeymoon destinations in the world. During the 16th century small principalities like Kayamkulam (presently Karthikappally and Mavelikkara taluks), Purakkad which was often called Ambalappuzha or Chempakasseri (present Ambalappuzha and part of Kittened taluk) Karappuram comprising two principalities called Moothedath and Iledath (present Cherthala taluk) emerged into power. In the 17th century, the Portuguese power declined and the Dutch had a predominant position in the principalities of this district. As a result of several treaties signed between the Dutch and the kings of Purakkad, Kayamkulam, and Karappuram, the Dutch built factories and warehouses in various places of the district for storing pepper, ginger, etc. Alleppey Pepper and Alleppey Turmeric are international brands.