The word Mysore is a corrupted version of "mysooru", which is derived from the word "mahishur" or "Mahishasurana Ooru", which means the town of Mahishasura in Kannada, the local language. Mysore has been associated with the Puranic story found in the Devi Bhagavatha. According to the story in the Devi Purana, Mysore was ruled by the demon Kind Mahishasura. Mahishasura was a buffalo-headed monster. In response to the prayer by the Gods and Goddesses to save them from the demon, Goddess Parvathi, took birth as Chamundeshwari and killed the monster on top of the Chamundi hill near Mysore. Hence the hill and the city have the names Chamundi Hill and Mysore respectively.
It is said that after killing the monster the Goddess stayed on top of the hill, where she is worshipped with great devotion to this day. The famous 10 daylong Dasara of Mysore is in honor of the Goddess Chamundeshwari and is a celebration of this victory of good over evil. Before the rise of the Gangas in the 10th century there is little historical evidence relating to Mysore. The Gangas established their supremacy in the 2nd century and they ruled over a large part of Mysore till about 1004 AD. In the 3rd century, they established their capital at Talakad on the banks of the river Cauvery.
There is an inscription on Chamundi Hills that was done in 950AD during the reign of the Gangas. This inscription is the oldest inscription found in Mysore. The Cholas ruled Mysore for over a century after the Gangas. The Chalukyas followed the Cholas. The Hoysalas drove the Cholas from the remaining part of Mysore region in the 12th century. Hoysala are known for the beautiful temples they built during their reign. It is said that they built or expanded the existing temples in Mysore and on the Chamundi Hills. There is an inscription in Mysore by the Hoysalas that dates back to the 11th and 12th century.
After the Hoysalas came to the Vijayanagar Kings and then the Mysore Yadu dynasty came to power in 1399A.D. They were the feudatories of the Vijayanagar Kings. This dynasty also contributed to temple building in Mysore. Bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar, the Raja of Mysore rebuilt the fort of Mysore and made his headquarters and called the city 'Mahishura Nagara' meaning the city of Mahishur. Many inscriptions done in the 17th century and later refer to Mysore as 'Mahishuru'. Raja Wodeyar moved the capital from Mysore to Srirangapatna. After the death of Tippu Sultan in 1799, Mysore became the capital of the Wodeyars once again.
During the reign of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, the town of Mysore expanded and moved beyond the walls of the fort. Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV developed Mysore into a beautiful city with excellent planning. Under his reign, Mysore became famous for its wide roads, magnificent building, and elegant parks. Today Mysore is a modern city that has managed to retain its quaint old world charm. Today Mysore infamous in the world for its sandalwood and rosewood artifacts, stone sculptures, incense sticks, inlay work with ivory and its exquisite silk sarees.
even after British India gained Independent dominion status on 15-8-1947, Mysore continued as a Sovereign State under the Maharaja H.H. Jaya Chamaraja Wodeyar albeit with a responsible Government headed by Mr. K.C. Reddy as the Chief Minister. However, the Constituent Assembly of Mysore decided to adopt the Constitution of India and on 26-1-1950, Mysore merged with the Republic of India as a Part -B State. But the Maharaja Continued as the Rajpramukh of the State as per Art. 366(21) of the Constitution.’’
cultural of Mysore
Referred to as the cultural capital of Karnataka, Mysore is well known for the festivities that take place during the period of Dasara, the state festival of Karnataka. The Dasara festivities, which are celebrated over a ten-day period, were first introduced by King Raja Wodeyar I in 1610. On the ninth day of Dasara, called Mahanavami, the royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants, camels, and horses. On the tenth day, called Vijayadashami, the traditional Dasara procession (locally known as Jumboo Savari) is held on the streets of Mysore. A heritage city, Mysore attracts thousands of tourists around the year from India and abroad. The exquisite beauty of the forts and palaces, the irreplaceable monuments, lakes, gardens, and parks, etc. are the highlight of this beautiful city. The culture of Mysore reflects in their way of life, their attire, their cuisines, and their various festivities.
Connoisseurs and aficionados of art and culture, the Wodeyars Empire has played an exceptional and important role in bringing up the culture of Mysore. Their exceptional contribution to the various forms of art has a profound influence on the culture and heritage of the entire state. The city has a distinct style of architecture, poetry, art- which can be seen in their unique rosewood inlay work, Mysore silk saris, Mysore Masala Dosa, Mysore Peta, Mysore paintings- especially the Ganjifa Art of paintings, Mysore sandalwood products, Mysore Jasmine, etc. are their unique and distinct style. The foundation of brotherhood and harmony laid down by the Vijayanagar Kingdom and the Wodeyars Kingdom are the basis of Mysore culture. The most famous festivities of Mysore include the ten-day celebration of Dusshera festival, where you will find thousands of tourists thronging the streets and palace gates to view the grand procession of Goddess Chamundeshwari on elephants and horses with the distribution of sweets, traditional cuisine of Mysore, decoration of dolls, temples, etc. These celebrations have been a part of the culture of Mysore for many decades and continue to be so.